Do we need lanes to practice Bowling?

DO WE NEED LANES to PRACTICE BOWLING?  Eric Couralt, High Level Director & National coach,  Fédération Française de Bowling et de Sport de Quilles

Let’s imagine that we make children play for a while without their knowing anything about placements, various throwing, various trajectories, various weights and lengths….Away from the center and the lanes, we will reinforce the coordinating qualities. Those qualities learned and reinforced will make the notions like coordination, timing, trajectories, and placement easier to the beginner.

 

Gaining access to the top international level is long. My experience and the different coaches that I met on the worldwide level brought me to think over our sport and its different components.

That reflection started during several exchanges with coaches of different Olympic disciplines in France, work with a specialist, and during a colloquium in Kuortane in Finland through exchanges and trainings more specifically about biomechanics and the comprehension of the launch.

The physical qualities are made of two elements which include the “coordinating” qualities (suppleness and dexterity) and the “conditional qualities” (strength, speed, and endurance).

The optimum time to develop coordinating capacities is from 6 to 12 years old.  

Bowling is a sport of precision and regularity. It implies a high amount of training (repetition and anchorage) to reinforce the techno-tactical qualities. The experience of competition and a good knowledge of the environment will also be then necessary to be able to do what is commonly called “the transfer”.

 

BOWLING = COORDINATION

 

The precision and the regularity of the gesture are made in our discipline through a good coordination. This coordination is made of 6 indispensable elements:

 

·        Combining:  correlation between upper limbs and lower limbs in the organization of the movement (long bones)

 

·        Analysis: harmonization of the detail in organizing the movement (short bones)

 

·        Balance: Maintenance of a stable position when stopped or during a movement.

·        Orientation: modification of the movements in process in space and in time.

 

·        Rhythm: translation of a movement of a sequence that we have made up in our mind with the possibility to modify it.

 

·        Readaptation: reaction and modification of the actions thanks to the understanding of the situation.  

 

The first step is to implement exercises non specific to our sport to work out or reinforce coordination.  

Let’s imagine that we make children play for a while without their knowing anything about placements, various throwing, various trajectories, various weights and lengths….

Away from the center and the lanes, we will reinforce the coordinating qualities. Those qualities learned and reinforced will make the notions like coordination, timing, trajectories, and placement easier to the beginner.

Then, depending on the results, work out the features to be improved away from the lanes.

For example, about trajectories, the problem of regularity could be fixed on the game lines thanks to the following exercises.

First place a bucket, the player will stand 5 meters away. The goal is to assess his ability to throw the ball into the bucket. Once performed, we modify the distances of the bucket, the weight of the ball, and the shape of the ball (bigger, heavier).

The video links below will illustrate the variety of exercises that can be done away from the lane.

I realized that when you increase the distance, the player tends to force his throwing to throw the ball farther and thus he lost precision. Then he had to understand how to keep precision through loosening/relaxing.

Once understood, the following phase consisted in modifying the place and the length of the buckets to be able to modify the orientation of the body with or without moving the starting position for instance.

You will see on the following links a few exercises that I referred to previously as well as situations of balance with the throwing of an American football ball to add a notion of axis to the throwing.

 

CONCLUSION

Bowling is a sport that requires a production of energy (speed and rotation) with accuracy (execution) and regularity (loosening).

Dexterity (coordination) is a basic condition for the expression of all the athletic qualities. It allows minimizing the spending of energy while developing maximum skills.

Let’s remind as well with a simplistic view that dexterity can be acquired just thanks to practice and that before being gifted, it is necessary to clumsy first! So let’s be tolerant concerning mistake!

LINKS to the EXERCISES

http://youtu.be/zxB9ZC5dYVY

http://youtu.be/IP_f8VkTnZ4

http://youtu.be/ylYafc34BKM

http://youtu.be/CXXUv9pemD4

http://youtu.be/umTQ1w91dIA

http://youtu.be/4W9JaFSHcOA

http://youtu.be/DFjg6dqFF1A